Tuesday, September 28, 2010
The Governor’s Office of Economic Development has announced that the Green Corridor iHub, which was established under the leadership of Richmond Mayor Gayle McLaughlin, has reached the status of official designation as a California Innovation Hub (iHub). Click here for a copy of the letter that acknowledges that the Green Corridor iHub has both signed the memorandum of understanding with the State of California and submitted a signed certificate of certification to the Governor’s Office of Economic Development, as mandated by the guidelines.
The iHub Initiative is designed to spur economic recovery and growth by showcasing and supporting California’s most promising hubs of innovation. The program’s top goal this year is to secure the basic funding mechanisms needed to ensure that a sufficient structure is established and the initiative lasts beyond the current administration. The Governor’s Office of Economic Development is, for example, partnering with the state’s Small Business Development Centers, who have already pledged $1.2 million to the initiative, as well as taking the lead in the submission of numerous applications for grants on behalf of the iHubs through federal agencies actively promoting the new national innovation strategies of the Obama Administration.
Monday, September 27, 2010
Sunday, September 26, 2010
Saturday, September 25, 2010
Friday, September 24, 2010
Do you all have any small flyers we could put at the box office window? The show gets over at 10:30 on Friday, Saturday nights. Is the bar at the Boilerhouse still open at that time on the weekends? Serving food?
For Immediate Release Please Sept 20, 2010
STORY OF WW 2 BAY AREA HISTORY, RIVETS RETURNS TO THE SS RED OAK VICTORY ON SITE OF THE KAISER RICHMOND SHIPYARDS, October 1 – 24, 2010
Press Photos: http://rivets.homestead.com/ (Press Room)
A New Musical Based on
Rosie the Riveter & Richmond's Kaiser Shipyards
Produced by Galatean Players Ensemble Theatre
BOOK & LYRICS BY KATHRYN G. MCCARTY
MUSICAL SCORE BY MITCHELL COVINGTON
DIRECTED BY KATHRYN G. MCCARTY
MUSIC DIRECTION: PETER MALEITZKE
CHOREOGRAPHY: RENAE CAZET
Rosie the Riveter & The “Homefront Soldiers” of WW2 are the subjects of The World Premiere Musical RIVETS by Kathryn G. McCarty (libretto) and Mitchell Covington (music), on the SS Red Oak Victory at the site of the historic Kaiser Richmond Shipyards.
Note: RIVETS runs during both Fleet Week and the Rosie the Riveter National Park’s “Homefront Festival.”
WEB SITE Galateanplayers.com
WEB SITE/OTHER INFO (http://www.fleetweek.us),
WHERE: Onboard the SS Red Oak Victory, 1337 Canal Blvd., Berth 6A, Richmond, CA 94804. www.ssredoakvictory.org
WHEN: October 1 – 24, 2010
Friday, Saturday at 8 p.m.
Saturday & Sundays matinees at 3 p.m.
No evening show Saturday, October 1 only (due to Homefront Festival)
TICKETS Box Office 925-676-5705 galateanplayers.com
$30 General Admission
$25 Seniors & Students
$5.00 of every ticket goes to the Red Oak Victory
for a boarding fee
FREE: Rosies, WW 2 Veterans and Uniformed Soldiers
** $2 discount with donation for
Blue Star Mom’s Holiday Care Packages for Soldiers
HOMETOWN NEWSPAPER EDITORS, PLEASE NOTE: If you are interested, we can set up interviews with actors/production staff from area towns. Cast members reside in Novato, Concord, Oakland, San Francisco, San Diego, Pleasant Hill, Moraga, Orinda, Hayward, Walnut Creek, Richmond and Pinole.
“Homefront Soldiers,” the loved ones that 16 million American WW 2 Soldiers left behind while fighting overseas, are celebrated in RIVETS by Kathryn G. McCarty and Mitchell Covington, opening October 1 on the SS Red Oak Victory at the site of the historic Kaiser Richmond Shipyards in the Rosie the Riveter National Park.
The Kaiser Shipyards, the most famous and productive shipyards in the San Francisco Bay Area, serve as backdrop for RIVETS, which will run on the historic site Fridays-Sundays, October 1 - 24. In the past year, RIVETS has played to full houses in four separate runs, and the show's success prompted another run.
According to Covington, audiences will be treated to three new songs, and a much tighter book. The production team believes RIVETS is a story of importance not only to those living in the Bay Area, but to people across the country, and “look forward to that development.”
Covington was recently honored with a 2010 Northern California Emmy Award for his work on the Robert Redford narrated documentary "Saving the Bay.” While composing the music for RIVETS, he juggled writing for the PBS documentary, and building the music for RIVETS.
“Each time the show has been done, changes have been made,” said McCarty, adding that visitors will also note the changes in the road to get to the ship – “all paved, lined, lit and clearly marked. And the riser style seating has been added to the theatre which occupies one of the Ship’s holds.”
The Red Oak Victory ship is the last surviving Victory ship built and launched in the Kaiser Richmond Shipyard.
“This year is the 65th Anniversary of the end of WW 2,” said McCarty, “There are many activities which honor our Homefront Soldiers and Veterans, and teach entire new generations what war can become.” While RIVETS is a fictionalized story, it explores WW2 history, including rationing, blackouts and the bombing on the United State’s East and West Coasts.
“Many people consider 9/11 and Pearl Harbor to be the only times we have been attacked on our own Soil, it’s not true,” said McCarty, who is also an Educator. “I’ve talked to many high school aged students and young adults, and they simply never learned of these attacks or the Japanese Internment Camps in their history classes. I am always surprised by that.”
Among the Fall’s Bay Area activities celebrating the military and WW 2 are Fleet Week (October 7 – 12) and the Rosie the Riveter National Park will host its Homefront Festival (October 2).
“We have had the remarkable experience of doing the piece in front of many different audiences who all genuinely enjoyed the show. I’ve been surprised by complete strangers who have attended all of the productions, and approached me saying they wanted to help get RIVETS out to a wider audience.”
“The show’s characters are fictional,” McCarty explains, “but the story is based on a decade of historical research. Henry J. Kaiser's Shipyards produced the ships that helped America win WW 2, and changed our country forever.” McCarty noted that the entire Bay Area played a critical role in America winning the war, "Richmond, Sausalito, Marin, Vallejo, San Francisco, Oakland - the characters and plotline of RIVETS are a tapestry of the entire Bay Area's dedication to the war effort."
With most of the Country’s men at war, women entered the work force for the first time in history. Women known as “Rosie the Riveter,” “Wendy the Welder” and “Dynamite Dorothy” were led by industrial geniuses like Henry J. Kaiser. The Bay Area had the largest concentration of shipbuilding, reaching from the Golden Gate nearly a hundred miles east to Stockton, with 14 shipyards contained within the area. The Kaiser Shipyard in Richmond employed over 40% of the area’s 250,000 shipyard workers.
The deck of the SS Red Oak Victory boasts views of both the Bay and Golden Gate Bridges and the Port of Oakland. “We are grateful to have a musical that celebrates the dedication of Americans during WW2 performed on the ship,” said Lois Boyle, President of the Richmond Museum Organization, owners of the Red Oak. Boyle is optimistic about the future of the SS Red Oak Victory, adding that the organization " is engaged in an all-out effort to raise funds to put the ship in drydock for the badly needed hull painting and engine room work so that the ship will once again sail."
According to Boyle, unlike any surviving WW2 ship in the entire Country, the historical integrity of the Red Oak Victory will remain in tact when it has been restored. "It is a museum, above all. It is a piece of of history and RIVETS brings the history of the Yard and the Rosie the Riveters to life in 3-D.”
“RIVETS is the story of the Rosie the Riveters, the women of World War II who influenced generations that followed. It is the story of the development of the Bay Area where the population swelled as people migrated to the East Bay in search of war production work,” said Director McCarty who said previous performances have been at Contra Costa College in San Pablo, the Lesher Arts Center in Walnut Creek, and the SS Red Oak Victory.
"Because we are developing a new musical," said Covington, the show's composer. "This is an excellent opportunity to further work on the script and to add additional songs to the show." Covington is an award-winning Bay Area composer whose works span many genres including music for orchestra, chorus, chamber ensemble, theater, television and film. He has also composed the music for over 20 independent film projects, and has served as Director of Music for First Presbyterian Church of Berkeley for 17 years.
"The show contains moments that are heroic, poignant, funny and dramatic—these have provided me with many wonderful opportunities to compose music in a broad range of styles and emotions." Covington says.
"Stories told in the cannon of American musical theatre, from Showboat to Carousel to Chorus Line to RIVETS, educate and illuminate audiences, here in America and around the world, in the most entertaining way, about who we are and who we want to be." said RIVETS musical director, Peter Maleitzke.
Maleitzke has been involved in the formation of many musicals. Credits include SF's American Conservatory Theater's world premiere of The Difficulty of Crossing a Field, associate music director of Urinetown (First National), the pre-Broadway workshop of The Geeks, and The Threepenny Opera featuring Bebe Neuworth, Nancy Dusault, Lisa Vroman and Anika Noni Rose. Peter Maleitzke served as conductor of the First National production of The Phantom of the Opera. Other credits include: musical assistant to Michael Tilson Thomas, and conductor of the Tuscan Music Festival.
According to McCarty, the production team is enthused about the opportunity to continue to partner professional theatre with community service. Among the community groups that RIVETS will help support are the Blue Star Moms, a service organization created during World War II. Patrons will receive ticket discounts with donations for Holiday Care packages to the Blue Star Moms who have sons and daughters currently serving in branches of the Military all over the world.
In addition, all WW2 Military Veterans and “Rosie the Riveters,” and uniformed soldiers will receive complimentary admission to the show.
“The 1940’s were the beginning of monumental transformations between both sexes and races” said McCarty, citing President Roosevelt’s Executive Order 8802 as an example. “As a result of pressure from the African American Porter’s Union, President Roosevelt banned discrimination in War Production industries and Government because of race, creed, color, or national origin. These people changed the world."
“The racism issue of the show has been tough for our younger actors who don’t understand that they can’t interact with someone of a different race in anything other than a friendly manner. We have the WW2 generation to thank for that.”
McCarty spent 10 years researching the development of the Bay Area during the 1940’s. “I've blended historical information with fictitious story lines and characters,” explains McCarty, who says RIVETS explores many aspects of the 1940’s America, including American Industrialization, War Propaganda, Rationing and Changing Roles between the Sexes and the Races.
“We have been very pleased with the response from the earlier productions,” Covington said, adding that while enjoying the response from critics, “The most heartfelt review came from an original Rosie who told us that she felt that she’d been ‘transported back in time.’ You can’t ask for more.”
For tickets to the performance call (925) 676-5705 or visit Galateanplayers.com Performances are Friday - Saturdays Oct. 1-24, Friday, Saturdays at 8:00 p.m. and Saturday and Sundays at 3. Before the Saturday and Sunday matinee performances, the Ship is open to visitors from 10 a.m. to 3 p.m.
Please note that access to the ship requires the ability to climb stairs.
Press Release – Thirty – More information to follow
INFORMATION ABOUT THE VICTORY SHIP SS RED OAK VICTORY
Tours of the SS Red Oak Victory are available before all Sunday performances. Visiting hours are 10 AM - 3 PM. $5 donation requested.
A Pancake Breakfast will be held on the Ship's Deck on October 10th, during FLEET WEEK - 9 a.m. to 12:30 p.m., Cost $6
Note access to the ship requires the ability to climb stairs
Launched November 9, 1944 as the SS Red Oak Victory, then commissioned as the USS Red Oak Victory (AK235) in December, 1944, the Red Oak Victory is the only vessel built by the Kaiser Shipyards in Richmond, California that is being restored. It is number 558 of the 747 ships built in the Yard.
The ship served in World War II, Korea and Vietnam. In 1996, by an Act of Congress, title to the SS Red Oak Victory was conveyed to the Richmond Museum Association.
The SS Red Oak Victory, built in Yard 1, was named after the town of Red Oak, Iowa, which suffered the highest per capita casualty rate of any American town during World War II.
The USS Red Oak Victory (AK-235) served as a Navy ammunition carrier. In her maiden voyage she hauled over 10,000 tons of ammunition from the Port Chicago Ammunition Depot to the South Pacific.
Kathryn G. McCarty
Upcoming Theatre Projects...Info coming at galateanplayers.com
RIVETS! The Rosie the Riveter Musical
By Kathryn G. McCarty & Mitchell Covington
Kaiser Shipyards, Richmond CA October 2 - 24, 2010
“A Sweeping Story, beautifully staged” Pat Craig Contra Costa Times.
“Wow! What a Show!” Charles Jarrett, Rossmoor News
“Fascinating piece of history!” Sally Hogarty, Walnut Creek Journal
Tickets: Online at Galateanplayers.com or by phone (925) 676-5705
Check out my book!
DEFINING FORM & OTHER PLAYS
Available for order at your favorite bookstores or at BarnesandNoble.com
"The difference between finding the right word and the almost right word is the difference between lightning and lightning bug" Mark Twain
Monday, September 20, 2010
Bruce Beyaert, who is Chair of TRAC, Trails for Richmond Action Committee, is one of five finalists chosen by Trust for Public Land and KTVU Channel 2 for the 2010 Cox Conserves Heroes award. The winner to be chosen by online public voting will receive $5,000 for their favorite charity — the San Francisco Bay Trail Project in Bruce’s case. Everyone in your family may vote since each individual is entitled to one vote.
First, please click here www.coxconservesheroes.com/san-francisco-bay-area-ca/2010-finalists.aspx to go to the website to click on “VOTE" under Bruce’s photo where you may also view a two-minute video about TRAC and the Bay Trail in Richmond.
Second, please forward this info to your family, friends, neighbors, colleagues and list serves asking them to vote also.
We will have to go viral with this message in order to earn $5,000 to further completion and enjoyment of the Bay Trail in Richmond.
Thanks very much for your support!
Friday, September 17, 2010
Today's announcement of the future multi-purpose/multi-media center coincides with this evening's San Francisco Giants-hosted tribute to the legacy of Rosie the Riveter taking place at AT&T Ballpark. Six original "Rosies" will be in attendance.
"We are proud to have the opportunity to work with the National Park Service in celebrating the significance of Rosie the Riveter, and honoring the contributions of so many Americans?in the Bay Area and beyond?to the World War II Home Front effort," said Lance Miller, General Manager, Craneway Pavilion. "The museum and learning center will be an exciting destination for visitors, and an important addition to the Craneway environment and revitalization of Richmond."
During World War II, Rosie the Riveter emerged as an iconic cultural symbol of American women across the country rolling up their sleeves to support the war effort. Many of these pioneering "Rosies" toiled in the historic Ford Assembly Building, site of the new center (as well as the world-class event and production facility Craneway Pavilion). They built 49,000 jeeps, and outfitted tanks, in a re-tooled industrial plant that first opened in 1932 to make Model "A" Fords. Rosie the Riveter has since become a symbol representing the strength and determination of women everywhere striving for equality in all walks of life.
The center will both interpret the national home front movement, and orient visitors to Richmond's influential history from the era. Through interactive exhibits and learning experiences, visitors will see, hear, and reflect on the stories and contributions of courageous home front Americans. The center will also include a program allowing for distance learning and linkages to other representative sites across the country.
"We couldn't be more excited about the Visitor Center coming to our park," said Elizabeth Tucker, Park Ranger, Rosie the Riveter/World War II Home Front National Historic Park. "We are looking forward to working with Craneway Pavilion and Orton Development as the project takes shape."
In the meantime, visitors can learn about Richmond's special role in the history of modern America at the Home Front Festival at Ford Point on October 1-2. The two-day event celebrates the city's own National Park and Richmond's beautiful 32-mile shoreline, boasting newly opened trails and spectacular waterfront locations. (www.homefrontfestival.com).
Thursday, September 16, 2010
Friday, September 10, 2010
Sunday, September 5, 2010
Saturday, September 4, 2010
Bay Area’s First Green Car Expo Set for Oct. 9Full article at www.hybridcars.com/news/bay-area-first-green-car-expo-set-oct-9-28527.html
Every major global automaker, without exception, is making a shift to hybrids, electric cars, and alternative fuels. Not because it was their idea. They were forced in that direction by a growing group of passionate consumers fed up with the status quo of petroleum dependence. When carmakers didn’t move fast enough, these consumer-activists converted their cars to run on batteries or alternative fuels.
Green Drive Expo, the Bay Area’s first eco-car expo, will provide an unprecedented opportunity for owners of unique green car creations to show off their work and express their desire for change. The event will take place at the waterfront Craneway Pavilion in Richmond—a renovated 1931 Ford Motor Company assembly plant, sporting a 1-megawatt solar array and stunning views of the San Francisco skyline.
The event will take place on Oct. 9 from 10 a.m. to 5 p.m. Admission is $10 at the door, or you can register for free admission by using this discount code: HYBRIDCARS on this page:
Attendees will be offered free public test drives of prototypes of Toyota Prius Plug-In Hybrid and other hybrid and electric cars. Ford, Mitsubishi, Nissan, and Think will display their latest green vehicles. Auto company representatives will be on hand to discuss future products. But in many ways, the most exciting part of the show will be owners showing off their vehicles and discussing the issues with one another.
Drivers of electric cars, such as the Tesla Roadster, Mini E, and Toyota Rav4 EV will participate in a “Talk to an Owner Session.” Companies that offer conversions of hybrids and internal combustion cars into plug-in vehicles will discuss the process. There will be a workshop to explain how Bay Area consumers can take advantage of rebates and tax credits for buying plug-in cars and home charging stations.
Exercise Your Power
“Americans spend a lot of time complaining about our ‘addiction’ to oil,’” says Oakland-based author Lisa Margonelli, author of "Oil on the Brain" and director of the Energy Policy Initiative at the New America Foundation. “However, the next two years are a frighteningly important time. It's up to us to exercise our enormous power—as both consumers and voters—to change our relationship to oil and carbon, and ensure that our economy remains competitive.” At Green Drive Expo, Margonelli will take part in an on-stage discussion about petroleum, politics and electric cars with Chelsea Sexton, a key figure in the 2006 documentary, “Who Killed the Electric Car?”
The Green Drive Expo event started in Madison, Wisc. five years ago. This will be the first year for the Bay Area event, which is expected to draw 5,000 attendees—making it the biggest event of its kind in the United States.
Calling All Cars
At this year’s Madison event, which took place in July, David Taylor won the “MPG Challenge,” racking up an unbelievable 763 miles to the gallon in his 2008 Toyota Prius, modified to run on a home-grown 10 kWh lithium ion battery pack. Taylor drove 18 hours from his home in Sanford, N.C., to Madison to attend the event and show off his car. “We wanted to show the car at the Green Drive Expo, because it’s the Mecca for people interested in this type of vehicle and technology,” Taylor told HybridCars.com. “It’s really nice to see so many people really pushing this technology, and wanting to know what’s coming next.”
A winner of "Best of Show" at the Madison event, Jay Groh of Wheelersburg, Ohio, has been to the event four years in a row. Groh has made almost 40 modifications to his 2006 Toyota Prius. Adding extra batteries improved the mileage during his 22-mile round-trip daily commute from 60 mpg to nearly 600 miles per gallon. He also added custom wheel covers, an anytime front and rear camera, and an onboard computer system allowing rolling wi-fi web connection.
Groh especially enjoyed the opportunity to ride in a Tesla Roadster at the event. “It was pure acceleration. It pushed me all the way back in my seat,” Groh said. “I think Green Drive Expo is a great event for everyone, because you get to see old technology, new technology, and future technology. It’s all there.”
To show off your green car at Green Drive Expo, sign up for a "membership" here:
This reserves your space in the "Ownership Showcase," makes you eligible for an award, and gives you an event t-shirt, a window cling, and access to other exclusive events.
Friday, September 3, 2010
the CORE conference is no ordinary conference, and as such, we needed an extraordinary venue to be the container for this important gathering of leaders, innovators and visionaries.
The Craneway Pavilion has a historical significance of innovation and community. This 45,000 square foot iconic destination, The Craneway Pavilion is in the heart of the East Bay, adjacent to Berkeley and Marin County.Full event details at thecoreconference.com/logistics/venue
A spectacular indoor-outdoor environment, landmark architecture, and state-of-the-art infrastructure and amenities set the stage for cultural events, public gatherings and private affairs—of every size and every stripe—as unforgettable as the San Francisco Bay Area itself.
Craneway Pavilion is designed for maximum sustainability, combining the 21st century’s most forward-thinking building standards and green technologies with the structure’s original environmentally friendly features – including more than 40,000 panes of glass that welcome in an abundance of natural light.
Wednesday, September 1, 2010
31st Annual Exotic Erotic Ball Moves to Beautiful New Waterside LocationFull article at www.examiner.com/sf-gay-nightlife-in-san-francisco/31st-annual-exotic-erotic-ball-moves-to-beautiful-new-waterside-location
SAN FRANCISCO, CA (September 1, 2010) – Perry Mann’s 31st Annual Exotic Erotic Ball and Expo, the internationally acclaimed Celebration of Flesh, Fetish, and Fantasy, and - according to E! Entertainment TV - “The World’s #1 Wildest and Sexiest Party,” proudly announces its ultra-chic, beautifully scenic, and brand-spanking-new waterside home: The Craneway Pavilion. The dates are October 22 and 23, 2010 – the weekend before Halloween.
“I am very excited,” said Mann. “We’d grown bigger, and our 30th anniversary was a milestone. Now my focus is on ‘better’, as in more exotic and erotic. The Craneway Pavilion is, by far, the nicest venue in our 31-year history and we are proud to be one of its flagship events. Our 2010 show is going to be the sexiest and most scenically beautiful show we’ve ever had.”
Through its combination of live mainstream music, burlesque, fetish, and circus performances, sexy adult-themed exhibits, political irreverence, humorous hijinks, and the bizarre, the Exotic Erotic Ball is one of the world’s most unique events. It has stood the test of time for over three decades, regaling over half a million attendees and attracting a plethora of celebrity guests. It champions freedom of expression, making it a favorite of sexually liberated souls throughout the world. But it’s the participation of its crowd – adorned in costumes and outfits that are colorful, creative, captivating, and often over the top – that make the show truly unrivaled - hence the Ball’s credo, “It’s the Ultimate Fantasy, and You’re the Star!”
In honor of its new waterside location, the Ball has made arrangements with two nearby waterside hotels - the Doubletree in the Berkeley Marina and the Hilton by the Bay Bridge in Emeryville to block entire floors for Ball attendees. The Ball website offers low-cost ticket/hotel packages including taxes, transfers, shuttles, and special gifts.
The Craneway Pavilion is a state-of-the-art, industrial-chic facility at the Ford Point section of the San Francisco Bay Trail, in the Richmond Marina. It offers breathtaking waterfront views of San Francisco, Oakland, and Berkeley, and classic western sunsets over Angel Island and Mt. Tamalpais. On the evening of the Ball, revelers will witness a Full Moon through the Craneway’s towering glass walls or on its adjoining 20,000 square-foot open-air patio that seamlessly blends indoors and outdoors. The Craneway is 10 minutes from Berkeley, 5 minutes from the Richmond/San Rafael Bridge, and it offers plenty of parking.
The 2010 Ball welcomes the revered and reviled Jim Rose, who will shock and amaze the crowd with his antics and bizarre sideshow, a perfect complement to Paul Nathan, the sinister emcee and ringleader who invented the oft-imitated Spin the Wheel of Depravity. The Ball has announced an encore performance by 2009 favorites Super Geek League, the outlandish Indie band from Seattle that won the Ball’s 2009 Sonicbids competition. Other returning favorites include the Asian Diva Girls, and acclaimed burlesque artist Shay Lynn. Among the featured performers will be The Family Stone, featuring Rock n Roll Hall of Famers Jerry Martini and Cynthia Robinson, who are sure to play all their fun and funky mega-hits. As always, $10,000 in cash and prizes will be awarded to winners of the Ball’s 3 costume contests.
The 2010 Ball will also feature a “floating VIP area” that promises to be spectacular. And plans are underway for a cruise departing the Craneway Pavilion Pier as the official After Party.
The October 23 Full Moon is also termed a Hunter’s Moon, leading Mann to comment: “Those attending the Ball this year should decide – are they the hunter, or are the hunted? Knowing our crowd … perhaps both.”
The Festival Hotline is: 1-415-567-BALL (2255). The website is www.exoticeroticball.com
Perry Mann’s Exotic Erotic Ball and Expo
Where: The Craneway Pavilion, 1414 Harbour Way South, Richmond, CA 94804 – www.craneway.com
When: Friday and Saturday October 22 and 23, 2010.
Friday, October 22: 4PM – Midnight: $20
Saturday, October 23: Noon – 6PM: $20
Must be 18 and over to attend the Expo.
Ball Hours:Saturday 8PM – 2AM: GA Tix from $69; VIP Tix from $150.
Ball prices increase as event nears.
Expo is also open as part of the Ball, to Ball attendees only
Must be 21 and over to attend the Ball.
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